Papillon is a small sized toy-dog breed of the Spaniel type, its actually one of the oldest Spaniel breeds of all. The name of this breed comes from the French word “papillon” which means butterfly. This dog has a typical butterfly-like look with its long hair on the ears, hence the origin of the breeds name. Papillons are very intelligent small companion dogs, they learn new tricks and orders very easily. They have plenty of energy so they need a lot of exercise too. Papillon dog is usually friendly with other animals, kids and even strangers, but caution should be exercised when handled by young kids – the small doggy is fragile and could be seriously hurt. When handled properly, the dog can live very long, some individuals live 15 to 16 years without problems.
In case you are looking for more information about the Papilllon dog, browse around my blog and you will surely find something of interest. I have blogs about other dog breeds too, so check them out by following the links in the right column. If you are a Papillon dog owner, please send me a photo of your pet and I will post it on this site. Should you run a site about these dogs, give me the link and I will publish it here too. Thanks for your visit.
Papillons are generally very obedient and docile dogs. They love pleasing their owners and rarely persist in a conduct that they notice that their owner disapproves of. However, they can sometimes bark incessantly and without obvious, or, at least, good cause.
If you live in an apartment this might present quite a problem. In order to stop your dog form doing this you need to try to understand his reasons for behaving in such a manner. One of the possible causes for such behavior is that the dog is bored or frustrated and that he wants to attract your attention. This might be a part of a more serious problem, known as separation anxiety, which should be a topic of a much longer discussion and cannot be addressed properly here, or it can just be temporary boredom. If you do give in and play with your Papillon it will probably silence him for the moment, but it will also show him that his methods for attracting your attention are effective. If you intend to stop him from trying to attract your attention in this way, you should completely ignore him and show him that he is getting nowhere with his behavior.
At other times the reasons for barking might not be that obvious. He might have heard a noise that he absolutely must alert you of, or he has seen someone out in the street and is trying to chase that person off. Whatever might be the reason, you will want to stop him from acting in such a way. One of the possible ways to do this is by filling a can with pennies or other small metal objects. You should shake this incredibly annoying rattle every time he barks without proper cause. It should silence him immediately. Once he has stopped barking reward him. In time he will learn the correlation between his silence and the reward.
Papillons have a beautiful long fur that needs a lot of maintenance and care. Even if you don’t intend to display your precious little Papillon in conformation shows you have to take good care of his hygiene and brush his fur at least once every week, while some even claim that daily grooming would be preferable.
You should start the grooming process by brushing his fur in downward motions with a bristle brush. Their long coats rarely get matted, but you should still be very careful not to pull too hard on the brush, because if you did come upon entangled hair you might hurt your dog. If you do find mats untangle the hair with your fingers, or, if that is not possible, use the scissors to cut it off, taking great care not to hurt your dog. Brushing him will give you a great opportunity to inspect his skin. Look for signs of irritation, infections or the presence of parasites. If you do find that his skin is covered in irritations or small wounds, apply antibiotic ointment on them. Parasites should be removed if possible.
One of the more important aspects of grooming your Papillon is dental care. They have small jaws and teeth that accumulate a lot of tartar and are very susceptible to various diseases. Brush your Papillon’s teeth whenever you can, and take him to a professional every once in a while. Smaller breeds lose their teeth much more easily than the larger ones, don’t allow this to happen to your dog.
Every once in a while you’ll want to give your dog a bath. You can use a dry shampoo, or you can soak the dog completely and apply the mildest shampoo available. You don’t need to rub the shampoo into his fur; it will do its job if you just apply it and leave to sit there for a couple of minutes. Be very thorough when rinsing your dog, if there is any shampoo left in the fur it can cause serious skin irritation later on.
Use a towel, and then a blow dryer to dry your Papillon off. You need to make sure that the dryer is not set on a high temperature, as this might hurt the dog. Once he is well and dry you might want to check his ears. You will be looking for infections, parasites or a buildup of filth. Remove anything that doesn’t belong there. You should consider buying one of many available antibiotic ear washes, they do a great job of preventing ear infections in your Papillon.
After the ears have been cleaned the only thing that remains is to clip the dog’s nails. A lot of people prefer to leave this part to the professional groomers. This is due to the fact that the dog’s nails contain a line called ‘quick’. If you accidentally cut this line while clipping the dog’s nail, the nail will start to bleed. If you do decide to do this on your own, be careful not to cut too high on the nail and to have some clotting agent nearby in order to stop the bleeding if this happens.
Papillons are known to occasionally suffer from some health conditions. These conditions might be genetic or viral in nature, but regardless of their causes, owners should be aware of them in order to know what is it that they need to do in order to prevent them or recognize their early symptoms. Conditions listed here are just the most common ones, for a full list you might want to consult your vet.
One of the more common causes of distress in Papillons are dental problems. They have small teeth and fragile root structure which makes their teeth and gums rather vulnerable to a number of issues. They have been often known to suffer from gingivitis, which is far more serious in dogs with smaller teeth, as it is far more likely for them to lose their teeth to this condition than a larger dog would be. Tartar quickly accumulates in their mouth and can cause a number of health problems. These problems don’t have to specifically be related to the mouth, as bad mouth fauna can cause problems with a number of organs. This is why it is of vital importance that you maintain a high level of oral hygiene in your Papillon, brush his teeth as often as you can, and every once in a while take him to a professional in the field. You should also provide some chew toys to your dog, as they can help with the accumulation of tartar.
One of the most common genetic disorders in Papillons is patellar luxation. This is caused by the ligaments that are not able to properly support and hold the dog’s kneecap in place. This causes the kneecap to dislocate every once in a while. The severity of the condition might vary to great extent. It might only occur occasionally and the dog might be able to bring the kneecap back in its place just by stretching his legs, or it can happen quite often and leave your dog completely unable to walk. If you notice that your dog is limping and, generally having trouble with walking, contact your vet. Surgical solutions for this condition are available.
Most dog breeds are often afflicted by different eye conditions. Papillons can occasionally suffer from one such condition known as progressive retinal atrophy. As the name implies, this condition is characterized by the progressive deterioration of the dog’s retinas. It most commonly develops in dogs that are between 4 and 8 years old, and can cause complete blindness. It first manifests itself through the dog’s inability to see in dimly lit areas.
Papillons can also occasionally suffer from different types of liver shunts. This condition can have a number of symptoms – the dog might seem depressed, fatigued and lacking in appetite. He might have problems with balance or often be found pushing his head against solid objects, or even experience seizures. This condition could also negatively influence his weight gain and cause frequent vomiting. If you notice these symptoms call your vet immediately as the condition can present a significant danger to your dog’s health, or even life.
Pappilons are extremely devoted and obedient little dogs that love making their owner happy. If you are looking for an affectionate and cheerful dog to brighten up your day, you don’t have to look further, Papillon is definitely up to the task. But if you want your puppy to be cheerful and happy you need to take good care of it and treat it properly.
Once you bring your new friend home, leave him in his crate and ask your family members not to disturb him too much in the first couple of days. It is quite normal for the members of your family to be eager to play with this little fur ball of joy, but you need to keep in mind that you are technically still strangers to the puppy that has just been torn from the rest of his family and brought to an unknown place. He will probably be scarred and confused, give him some time to adapt in peace.
Limit your puppy’s contact with other dogs until he has received all of his vaccinations. He will be very vulnerable to different viruses and diseases, and you don’t want to take any risks. Once he is vaccinated, however, you’ll want to help your Papillon socialize as much as possible. This is an integral part of teaching him to be accepting of other people and dogs, and not to be suspicious towards any new dog that he meets later in life.
Your puppy will need to be given three meals a day, if possible equally distributed through the day. Feed him in this manner until he is somewhere around six months old, then you can start giving him one or two larger meals a day, sometimes accompanied by an occasional treat or a snack. Take your puppy out for walk every day, apart from that he won’t need any special exercise apart from the time that you’ll spend playing with him.